طراحی ابزار ارزشیابی کیفیت تدریس اساتید مبتنی بر فیلم تهیه شده از کلاس درس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه داروسازی بالینی، دانشکده داروسازی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 عضو هیأت علمی، گروه روانپزشکی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

4 کارشناس گروه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

5 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، معاونت آموزشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور، اهواز، ایران.

6 کارشناس مرکز توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

رفتار آموزشی اساتید، یکی از مهمترین عوامل تأثیرگذار در فرآیند یاددهی و یادگیری دانشجویان می باشد که ارزشیابی مداوم آن، ضامن بهبود کیفیت عملکرد مدرسین و فعالیتهای آموزشی می باشد. این مطالعه با هدف طراحی ابزار ارزشیابی کیفیت تدریس اساتید مبتنی بر فیلم کلاس درس انجام شد. ایـن پژوهـش یـک مطالعـه ترکیبـی اسـت کـه با روش بحث گروهی متمرکز به منظـور طراحی و روان سنجی ابـزاری جهـت بررسـی کیفیت تدریس اساتید در دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز در سال 1397 تا 1398 انجام شد. گروه هدف شامل اساتید، دانشجویان و متخصصان آموزش پزشکی بودند. پس از مطالعه متون و ابزارهای گردآوری شده مرتبط و نظرات صاحب نظران، 36 سوال در قالب پرسشنامه اولیه طراحی شد. جهت روایی محتوایی و صوری به منظور استفاده از نظرات خبرگان، پرسشنامه اولیه در اختیار 14 نفر از متخصصان آموزش پزشکی، آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت، پرستاری، مامائی، فنآوری اطلاعات سلامت و روانپزشکی قرار گرفت. پس از اعمال نظرات خبرگان، در نهایت 24 سوال در قالب چهار حیطه شامل ارتباط غیرکلامی (9 سوال)، ارتباط کلامی(4 سوال)، تعامل با دانشجو (6 سوال) و مدیریت کلاس(5 سوال) بدست آمد. در مرحله تعیین اعتبار، هر 24 سوال دارای روایی محتوایی قابل قبول ( 7/0 تا 1) بود. ضریب کاپا برای این ابزار 8/0 بدست آمد که نشان از پایایی ابزار دارد. پرسشنامه طراحی شده جهت ارزشیابی کیفیت تدریس اساتید بر اساس فیلم، از روایی و پایایی قابل قبول برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing an Instrument for evaluation of teaching quality of teachers based on classroom-made videos

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akbar Babaei Heydarabadi 1
  • Kaveh Eslami 2
  • Marzieh Araban 1
  • Hashem Mohamadian 1
  • nasser hatamzadeh 1
  • arash salahshori 1
  • Ahmad Fakhri 3
  • mehrnosh jasemzadeh 4
  • Nasrin Shams javi 5
  • Asiyeh katanbafnasab 5
  • Shirin abbaspour 6
1 1. Faculty member, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Faculty member, Clinical Pharmacy Department, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Faculty member, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
4 1. Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
5 Master of Educational Management, Vice Chancellor for Education, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
6 Shirin Abbaspour: EDC, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Teachers 'educational behavior is one of the most important factors influencing students' teaching and learning process and its continuous evaluation ensures improvement of the quality of teachers' performance and educational activities. This study aimed to design an Instrument for evaluation of teaching quality of teachers based on classroom-made videos. This study is a mixed method research which was conducted to design and validate an Instrument for evaluation of teaching quality of teachers at Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences from 2018 to 2019. Participants included teachers, students, and medical education professionals. After reviewing literature and relevant questionnaires and as well as receiving expert opinions, 36 questions were designed in the form of a preliminary questionnaire. In order to determine the content and face validity, the preliminary questionnaire was reviewed and approved in four sessions of group discussion by 14 specialists of medical education, health education and promotion, nursing, midwifery, health information technology and psychiatry.
Initial questions about teaching quality assessment included 36 questions. Finally, 24 questions were presented in four domains including non-verbal communication (9 questions), verbal communication (4 questions), interacting with students (6 questions) and classroom management (5 questions). At the validation stage, all 24 questions had acceptable content validity (0.7 to 1.0). The reliability of the instrument was confirmed by the Kappa coefficient (0/8). The Instrument designed to evaluate the quality of teaching based on film, has acceptable validity and reliability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Evaluation Instrument
  • Teaching Quality
  • Teachers
  • Videos
  • Classroom
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